Health & Nutrition
Apple and apple products - the smart choice.
Promising research results suggest a link between apples and weight loss, brain health (including Alzheimer’s disease), certain forms of cancer, lung and heart health, and stroke. Apples are an excellent source of dietary fiber and antioxidants, which have been linked to disease prevention. Recent research links apple nutrients to an impressive range of health benefits.
For more information on these studies or for other research findings, visit the USApple website at www.USApple.org or download the research summary here.
Weight Loss Researchers from the State University of Rio de Janeiro studying the impact of fruit intake on weight loss found that overweight women who ate the equivalent of three apples or pears a day lost more weight on a low-calorie diet than women who didn’t add fruit to their diet.
Age-Related Memory Loss and Alzheimer’s Disease: A growing body of evidence from the University of Massachusetts-Lowell suggests that eating apples and drinking apple juice can be beneficial when it comes to improving brain health and diminishing symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease.
Brain Health and Neurodegenerative Diseases: Researchers from Cornell University also found in their in vitro study that apple nutrients protected brain neurons against oxidative damage. Such damage can contribute to neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.
Breast Cancer: A series of studies at Cornell University evaluated the direct effects of apples on breast cancer prevention in animals. The more apples consumed, the greater the reduction in incidence or number of tumors among test animals.
Pancreatic Cancer: Quercetin, a flavonoid found naturally in apples, has been identified as one of the most beneficial flavonols in preventing and reducing the risk of pancreatic cancer. Although the overall risk was reduced among the study participants, smokers who consumed foods rich in flavonols had a significantly greater risk reduction.
Colon and Liver Cancer: A research team at Cornell University identified a group of phytochemicals that are more abundant in the peel and appear to kill or inhibit the growth of at least three different types of human cancer cells: colon, breast and liver.
Prostate Cancer: Researchers at Rochester, Minn.’s Mayo Clinic report that quercetin, a plant-based nutrient found most abundantly in apples, may provide a new method for preventing or treating prostate cancer.
Bowel Cancer: Eating just one apple a day could slash the risk of colorectal cancer by more than one-third. The observed protective effect may result from apples' rich content of flavonoid and other polyphenols, which can inhibit cancer onset and cell proliferation. In addition, apples are a good source of fiber, and a high-fiber diet is known as a risk reducer for colorectal cancer.
Apple product consumers are likely to have lower blood pressure and trimmer waistlines, resulting in a reduced risk of metabolic syndrome, a cluster of health issues related to diabetes and heart disease.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) categorized three specific varieties of apples among the top 20 antioxidant sources. While the study highlighted three apple varieties in particular, all apples contain beneficial levels of antioxidants and have other healthful nutrition properties. Two-thirds of an apple’s antioxidants are found in its peel.
Childhood and Adult Asthma: Research from the UK reports that children of mothers who eat apples during pregnancy are much less likely to exhibit symptoms of asthma, including wheezing, at age 5. Among a variety of foods consumed and recorded by the pregnant women, apples were the only food found to have a positive association with a reduced risk of asthma.
Chronic Cough and Lung Cancer: A study from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) reports that foods rich in fiber and flavonoids — found abundantly in apples — may reduce chronic productive cough and other respiratory symptoms.
Reduced Mortality: A study has identified a possible link between a common component of apples and heart health in postmenopausal women. The study results indicate that increased consumption of apples may contribute to a decrease in mortality from both coronary heart disease and cardiovascular disease.
Fiber and Cardiovascular Disease: A French study found that diets with the highest total dietary fiber and nonsoluble dietary fiber intakes were associated with a significantly lower risk of several heart disease risk factors, including overweight, elevated waist-to-hip ratio, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels.
LDL Oxidation: In the first human study of its kind, researchers at the University of California-Davis report that daily consumption of apples and apple juice may help reduce the damage caused by LDL, the bad type of cholesterol, and protect against heart disease.
Soluble fiber, like pectin from apples, may reduce the inflammation associated with obesity-related diseases and strengthen the immune system, according to a study from the University of Illinois.
Researchers from the University of Denmark have discovered that apples and apple products could give the health of your intestines — as well as your immune system — a boost by increasing the numbers of good gut bacteria.